Playing Poker: Techniques to Use in Pot-Limit Omaha

Pot-Limit Omaha (PLO) is a popular poker variation that players worldwide enjoy. This exciting game players receive four-hole cards instead of the traditional two in Texas Hold’em, making it more challenging and unpredictable. To become a successful PLO player, you must master various techniques that can help you win more pots and maximize your profits. This article will discuss some of the most effective techniques you can use to improve when playing poker PLO and dominate the tables.

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Knowing Your Outs

In Pot-Limit Omaha poker, a strong draw with multiple outs to straights and flushes can often be more favorable than a made hand. Therefore, quickly evaluate your “outs,” or the cards that can improve your hand, using the two cards in your hand and three on the board. 

To do this effectively, you can categorize the possible cards that could come on the turn or river as “Nut Outs,” “Outs,” “Help,” or “Killer Outs.” Generally, having 15 outs to a nut hand makes you a favorite against any made hand before the turn is dealt. However, other more profitable strategies may be considered in certain situations. 

When facing large bets after the flop, assessing your likelihood of winning the hand with the draw you’re chasing is essential, as drawing to a non-nut hand can be a costly mistake in PLO. Betting on your draw may be a better option, particularly if your opponent is known to be aggressive, as it gives you more chances to win the pot if they fold.

Playing in a Dynamic Board

A dynamic board is considered “wet” due to the abundance of possibilities for drawing and semi-drawing hands. Boards such as AsQsQc are prime examples of dynamic boards because they offer a wide range of opportunities for PLO hands, including made hands, semi-bluffs, huge draws, and semi-draws.

In contrast, a locked-down board such as 2cKdKs offers fewer opportunities for strong hands beyond KKxx, 22xx, and the occasional 2Kxx. Having a positional advantage over your opponents can be advantageous when playing on dynamic boards, as with many other aspects of PLO.

The key is to vary your play while remaining aggressive in dynamic boards. This approach is most effective when playing from the button and cutoff positions, which offer the best positional advantage. Playing strong hands frequently from these positions can instill fear in your opponents and dominate dynamic boards.

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Flop Betting Size

In Pot Limit Omaha, a small bet may entice opponents to call, so bet a sizable amount to increase the pot. Generally, bet at least 2/3 of the total pot size when betting.

A sound PLO strategy involves playing aggressively with a good hand and often with a good draw. Slow playing or checking a strong hand to extract more value later is typically not wise. Only the best full houses, quads, and straight flushes should be slowplayed. Otherwise, there’s a high risk of being beaten by strong draws on the turn or river.

For example, your hand in a Pot Limit Omaha poker game is 7c7d8d9c. When the flop comes 10h10s7s, you have a full house. However, some better possible hands are out there, such as someone having TT or T7. Therefore, you are vulnerable to losing on the turn or river if your opponent has a T. 

If you check on the flop and the turn brings Js and your opponent bets, you will be in trouble as you could lose to hands like JJ, JT, and 8s9s. That’s why you should make large bets on the flop while you are still favored to win the hand. Making a small bet will not benefit you and only gives your opponent a cheap opportunity to draw.

C-Betting in 3-Bet Pots

When you decide to make a c-bet in a three-bet pot, you already deal with a substantial pot and a significant decision. You must consider some elements when determining your c-bet strategy in these situations.

Board texture plays an essential role in deciding whether a three-bettor should c-bet. Some boards favor the three-bettor, allowing them to c-bet with a wide range of hands, while others favor the caller. For instance, on a flop favorable to the three-bettor, such as AA7 with a ragged board, they can make a c-bet with a wide range of hands.

Conversely, on a flop like 754, where the caller has an advantage, the three-bettor should avoid making a c-bet with any hand and instead check their entire range.

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What hands to c-bet and which to check in three-bet pots depends on various factors, including the hand itself, its playability, and the blockers. Using all four or five poker cards in PLO is essential when deciding whether to c-bet. 

For instance, some Aces or top sets may be better to c-bet based on their accompanying cards. Dry Aces with a gutter and backdoor flush draw are often stronger c-bets than Aces with fewer good turns to continue betting. Blocking key cards on the board must be considered.

Being in position during a three-bet pot can be advantageous, meaning you can afford to three-bet with weaker hands. This is because playing speculative hands is easier when you have a position. With position, you can check back on the flop and see a free turn with hands that may not be strong enough to play for large amounts of money. You can also ensure that at least one bet will be made on each street if needed.


Pot-Limit Omaha is an exciting and complex variant of poker that requires a different approach than other games. One must master hand reading, position, bet sizing, board texture, etc., to excel in the game. Players can gain an edge over their opponents by using these techniques effectively. Learning other strategies, such as bluffing, floating, and slow playing, can give you an edge over opponents. Becoming a successful PLO poker player takes time, practice, and a willingness to learn and adapt to different situations.